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14 December 2015

 

EcoTechnoPark object: suspended urban unibus

Urban suspended monorail unibus is a module suspended passenger wheeled vehicle. The modular principle for unibus construction allows to create both a single vehicle and a compound one (a vehicle consists of several "carriages"), using typical modules. The modular principle of suspended unibuses also allows to use pendulum suspension for passenger compartment to provide movement on the rail track with the longitudinal grade of up to 30.

EcoTechnoPark object: suspended urban unibus

Suspended unibus is designed for passenger transportation on urban and suburban routes and it moves on a monorail track. The train can be assembled from single modules. Such unibuses are able to transport at least 20,000 passengers per hour at the speed of up to 150 km/h.

The capacity of one module for unibus (sitting and standing places) makes from 14 to 28 passengers, depending on execution class. The unibus is designed for operation in different climatic conditions with outside storage. The minimal curve radius, for rounding of which urban suspended monorail unibus is designed, is as follows: horizontal curve - 15 m, vertical - 50 m.

At small spans (up to 40 m), a suspended unibus moves parallel to the ground along the smooth, although flexible, rail at the height of 5-10 m and more. At large spans it moves along the track structure sagging at the span at the height of 10-50 m and more, i.e. along the track with a sagging profile, which is connected with high-rise stations by means of protruding transient radius sections.

The track profile with a sag is designed for using a gravity engine with the purpose of decreasing the rated engine power on board. Gravitation allows to accelerate and brake the unibus at the section between stations with the minimal use of engine and brakes. This makes it possible to decrease the specific capacity of power train on board, thus reducing operating costs by several times, as well as negative impact on the environment. Along with that, there can be variants of unibus alternate design for movement on the track with the longitudinal grade of up to 30°.

The modular principle of unibuses allows flexible adjustment of the transport system for passenger flow ensuring maximal safety and minimal operating and capital costs. All variants of unibus design provide a possibility for physically challenged people and parents with children to travel on the route - the unibus compartments are equipped with places for installation and mounting of wheelchairs and baby strollers.

The unibus movement is carried out by means of electric traction drive. Electric engines of traction drive are combined with wheels into the single unit - motor-in-wheel, which allows to exclude transmitting units (reducing gears) and, consequently, to reduce dimensions, weight and cost of the drive. The compartment in all unibuses is equipped with the systems of ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, audio and video informing of passengers. Application of double glazing and effective heat insulation allows to reduce heat losses when heating and cooling the compartment, which reduces the cost of ventilation, heating and air conditioning systems.

Onboard system for unibus control is fully automatic, i.e. operator is not required for vehicle control. However, dispatcher of transport system has a possibility to enter unibus control in certain situations. Onboard control system gives control commands to all the mechanisms and systems of the unibus according to the assigned profile of moving on the route. Onboard system has communication channels with control system for all transport system. In addition, there are subsystems for safety provision, which analyze the track structure condition, the environment in passenger compartment. In case it is necessary, they work out and execute commands on prevention of emergency and hazardous situations. With single unibuses moving as a part of train, onboard control systems combine into the network and their control is carried out as for the one vehicle.

The unibus developers have carried out a comparative analysis of the suspended unibus and electric automobile Tesla. The analysis has shown that unibus efficiency when moving on the sagging track structure is 17.8 times higher than that of automobile Tesla.

Suspended unibus is a unique wheeled vehicle. It is by times more efficient, safer and ecologically friendlier than any other known vehicle - automobile, bus, trolleybus, tram, railway train, plane, air or magnetic cushion train. High consumer properties of the unibus result from a complex of innovative solutions and know-how used for it. For example, its patented aerodynamics is improved compared to a sports car by 5 times; rolling resistance on the rail is decreased compared to the railway pair two-fold. The "second level" of location and anti-derailment system will reduce accident rate compared to, for example, automobile transport approximately by 1,000 times, etc.

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